Education in Germany
Education in Germany starts when kids are 2 years old. They can go to Kindergarten (nursery school) until they are 6 years old. This education is optional. After this type of education, kids must go in school, it is compulsory! The education in Germany varies, because each state has its own educational politics. In most cases, children attend Grundschule from the age 6 to 10.
Secondary education in Germany offers 5 types of school. One of them is the Gymnasium. It has a purpose of preparing the pupil’s education. After 12th grade (at the age 13th), pupils finish Gymnasium with final examination, Abitur. The Realschule offers a wider range of emphasis for intermediate pupils. It also ends with final examination after 10th grade. Fachoberschule last from 10h grade until 12th grade. The Hauptschule should prepare children for vocational education. It finishes with the examination (Hauptschulabschluss, after grade 9 and Realschulabschluss after grade 10). There are two types of 10th grade. A higher level, called 10b, and it can lead to Realschule, and 10a, a lower level. There is also a Gesamtscule. It combines Gymnasium, Realschule and Hauptschule. Children usually go to school in the morning, and there is no provision for school lunch.
When children finish any of those schools, they can start a career with an apprenticeship in the vocational school (Berufsschule). Children go to this school twice a week. On other days they work for some company. This school last 2, 3 or 3.5 years. During that time they get a ‘’salary.’’ After finishing Berufsschule, kids can start their own business or find a job in their profession.